Existential Rationalism

Existential Rationalism
Title Existential Rationalism PDF eBook
Author Marcel Eschauzier
Publisher Independently Published
Pages 177
Release 2021-08-18

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Words and equations cannot contain the existence stream. Science's confused adulation of reality breeds irrational fantasies like the quantum computer. Now, there is an alternative. Existential rationalism reconciles reason with Tao. The hero of this adventure is the first person: you and me. Join the exhilarating expedition into human knowledge that connects the dots between Schrödinger and Lao Tzu, Einstein and Kierkegaard, Heisenberg and Freud. At last, David Hume's centuries-old challenge to reason has been met. The depth, precision, and plain language make this a stunning story for both newcomers and experts in philosophy, psychology, and physics.

From Rationalism to Existentialism

From Rationalism to Existentialism
Title From Rationalism to Existentialism PDF eBook
Author Robert C. Solomon
Publisher Rowman & Littlefield
Pages 368
Release 2001
Genre Philosophy
ISBN 9780742512412

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In this enduring text, renowned philosopher Robert C. Solomon provides students with a detailed introduction to modern existentialism. He reveals how this philosophy not only connects with, but derives from, the thought of traditional philosophers through the works of Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty. Thus, existentialism emerges from the school of rational thought as a logical evolution of respected philosophy.

Pragmatic Rationalism: An Introduction

Pragmatic Rationalism: An Introduction
Title Pragmatic Rationalism: An Introduction PDF eBook
Author Frank Robert Vivelo
Publisher Lulu.com
Pages 262
Release 2013-07-16
Genre Self-Help
ISBN 1304236994

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Pragmatic rationalism is a coherent blend of elements from Epicureanism, Stoicism, Empiricism, and Existentialism. It holds that the ultimate goal of life is happiness-individual happiness identified as psychic tranquility or untroubledness-and attempts to pursue that goal in the most practical, efficacious manner possible. Accordingly, it emphasizes investing this pursuit in the only things we each control, our thoughts and feelings, and minimizing desire for and reliance on all things external to us and therefore not under our control, such as wealth and fame. It insists that individuals choose, and therefore are responsible for, all they think and feel. It rejects all emotionalism and belief systems and, instead, relies on induction and probability to guide decision making and behavior. Though an egoistic and hedonistic philosophy from the individual's perspective, it nevertheless advocates the Golden Rule as the most useful guiding principle in interaction with others.

Dictionary of Existentialism

Dictionary of Existentialism
Title Dictionary of Existentialism PDF eBook
Author Haim Gordon
Publisher Routledge
Pages 552
Release 2013-10-31
Genre Philosophy
ISBN 1135947945

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Existentialism, as a philosophy, gained prominence after World War II. Instead of focusing upon a particular aspect of human existence, existentialists argued that our focus must be upon the whole being as he/she exists in the world. Rebelling against the rationalism of such philosophers as Descartes and Hegel, existentialists reject the emphasis placed on man as primarily a thinking being. Freedom is central to human existence, and human relations and encounters cannot be reduced simply to "thinking." This Dictionary provides--through alphabetically arranged entries--overviews of the various tenets, philosophers, and writers of existentialism, and of those writers/philosophers who, in retrospect, seem to existentialists to espouse their philosophy: Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Dostoyevski, et al.

Criticism, Its Philosophical Structure

Criticism, Its Philosophical Structure
Title Criticism, Its Philosophical Structure PDF eBook
Author David Collingridge
Pages 194
Release 1987
Genre Philosophy

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In this work, Collingridge offers a general philosophy of criticism. Many philosophers influenced by the ideas of Karl Popper have hoped to see an expansion from his view of the operation of criticism within science to a more general account of criticism, and, until now, moves in this direction have had only limited success. This book extends Popper's account of the role of criticism in science to many other areas of inquiry.

Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction

Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction
Title Existentialism: A Very Short Introduction PDF eBook
Author Thomas Flynn
Publisher OUP Oxford
Pages 160
Release 2006-10-12
Genre Philosophy
ISBN 0191579300

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Existentialism was one of the leading philosophical movements of the twentieth century. Focusing on its seven leading figures, Sartre, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Kierkegaard, de Beauvoir, Merleau-Ponty and Camus, this Very Short Introduction provides a clear account of the key themes of the movement which emphasized individuality, free will, and personal responsibility in the modern world. Drawing in the movement's varied relationships with the arts, humanism, and politics, this book clarifies the philosophy and original meaning of 'existentialism' - which has tended to be obscured by misappropriation. Placing it in its historical context, Thomas Flynn also highlights how existentialism is still relevant to us today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Hume's Philosophy of Belief (Routledge Revivals)

Hume's Philosophy of Belief (Routledge Revivals)
Title Hume's Philosophy of Belief (Routledge Revivals) PDF eBook
Author Antony Flew
Publisher Routledge
Pages 299
Release 2013-11-05
Genre Philosophy
ISBN 1135087598

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First published in 1961, this book considers Hume’s request to be judged solely by the acknowledged works of his maturity. It focuses on Hume’s first Inquiry in its own right as a separate book to the likes of his other works, such as the Treatise and the Dialogues, which are here only used as supplementary evidence when necessary. This approach brings out, as Hume himself quite explicitly wished to do, the important bearing of his more technical philosophy on matters of religion and of world-outlook generally: "Be a philosopher; but amidst all your philosophy, be still a man."