Materiality in Roman Art and Architecture

Materiality in Roman Art and Architecture
Title Materiality in Roman Art and Architecture PDF eBook
Author Annette Haug
Publisher Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Pages 294
Release 2021-12-31
Genre History
ISBN 3110764733

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The focus of this volume is on the aesthetics, semantics and function of materials in Roman antiquity between the 2nd century B.C. and the 2nd century A.D. It includes contributions on both architectural spaces (and their material design) and objects – types of 'artefacts' that differ greatly in the way they were used, perceived and loaded with cultural significance. With respect to architecture, the analysis of material aesthetics leads to a new understanding of the performance, imitation and transformation of surfaces, including the social meaning of such strategies. In the case of objects, surface treatments are equally important. However, object form (a specific design category), which can enter into tension with materiality, comes into particular focus. Only when materials are shaped do their various qualities emerge, and these qualities are, to a greater or lesser extent, transferred to objects. With a focus primarily on Roman Italy, the papers in this volume underscore the importance of material design and highlight the awareness of this matter in the ancient world.




Natural History, Volume IV

Natural History, Volume IV
Title Natural History, Volume IV PDF eBook
Author Pliny
Publisher
Pages 576
Release 1945
Genre
ISBN

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A Social Archaeology of Roman and Late Antique Egypt

A Social Archaeology of Roman and Late Antique Egypt
Title A Social Archaeology of Roman and Late Antique Egypt PDF eBook
Author Ellen Swift
Publisher Oxford University Press
Pages 472
Release 2022
Genre History
ISBN 0198867344

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Artefact evidence has the unique power to illuminate many aspects of life that are rarely explored in written sources, yet this potential has been underexploited in research on Roman and Late Antique Egypt. This book presents the first in-depth study that uses everyday artefacts as its principal source of evidence to transform our understanding of the society and culture of Egypt during these periods. It represents a fundamental reference work for scholars, with much new and essential information on a wide range of artefacts, many of which are found not only in Egypt but also in the wider Roman and late antique world. By taking a social archaeology approach, it sets out a new interpretation of daily life and aspects of social relations in Roman and Late Antique Egypt, contributing substantial insights into everyday practices and their social meanings in the past. Artefacts from University College London's Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology are the principal source of evidence; most of these objects have not been the subject of any previous research. The book integrates the close study of artefact features with other sources of evidence, including papyri and visual material. Part one explores the social functions of dress objects, while part two explores the domestic realm and everyday experience. An important theme is the life course, and how both dress-related artefacts and ordinary functional objects construct age and gender-related status and facilitate appropriate social relations and activities. There is also a particular focus on wider social experience in the domestic context, as well as broader consideration of economic and social changes across the period.




Human Interaction with the Environment in the Red Sea

Human Interaction with the Environment in the Red Sea
Title Human Interaction with the Environment in the Red Sea PDF eBook
Author Dionysius A. Agius
Publisher BRILL
Pages 458
Release 2017-04-24
Genre History
ISBN 9004330828

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This volume contains a selection of fourteen papers presented at the Red Sea VI conference held at Tabuk University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 2013. It sheds light on many aspects related to the environmental and biological perspectives, history, archaeology and human culture of the Red Sea, opening the door to more interdisciplinary research in the region.




Technology of the Ancient Near East

Technology of the Ancient Near East
Title Technology of the Ancient Near East PDF eBook
Author Jill L. Baker
Publisher Routledge
Pages 326
Release 2018-10-10
Genre History
ISBN 1351188097

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Peoples of the distant past lived comfortably in cities that boasted well-conceived urban planning, monumental architecture, running water, artistic expression, knowledge of mathematics and medicine, and more. Without the benefits of modern technology, they enjoyed all the accoutrements of modern civilization. Technology of the Ancient Near East brings together in a single volume what is known about the technology behind these acheivements, based on the archaeological, textual, historic, and scientific data drawn from a wide range of sources, focusing on subjects such as warfare, construction, metallurgy, ceramics and glass, water management, and time keeping. These technologies are discussed within the cultural, historic, and socio-economic contexts within which they were invented and the book emphasises these as the foundation upon which modern technology is based. In so doing, this study elucidates the ingenuity of ancient minds, offering an invaluable introduction for students of ancient technology and science.




Poikile Physis

Poikile Physis
Title Poikile Physis PDF eBook
Author Diego De Brasi
Publisher Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Pages 224
Release 2022-10-03
Genre History
ISBN 3110796856

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Biological literature of the Roman imperial period remains somehow ‘underestimated’. It is even quite difficult to speak of biological literature for this period at all: biology (apart from medicine) did not represent, indeed, a specific ‘subgenre’ of scientific literature. Nevertheless, writings as disparate as Philo of Alexandria’s Alexander, Plutarch’s De sollertia animalium or Bruta ratione uti, Aelian’s De Natura Animalium, Oppian’s Halieutika, Pseudo-Oppian’s Kynegetika, and Basil of Caeserea’s Homilies on the Creation engage with zoological, anatomic, or botanical questions. Poikile Physis examines how such writings appropriate, adapt, classify, re-elaborate and present biological knowledge which originated within the previous, mainly Aristotelian, tradition. It offers a holistic approach to these works by considering their reception of scientific material, their literary as well as rhetorical aspects, and their interaction with different socio-cultural conditions. The result of an interdisciplinary discussion among scholars of Greek studies, philosophy and history of science, the volume provides an initial analysis of forms and functions of biological literature in the imperial period.




Triangular Landscapes

Triangular Landscapes
Title Triangular Landscapes PDF eBook
Author Katherine Blouin
Publisher Oxford University Press, USA
Pages 456
Release 2014
Genre Business & Economics
ISBN 0199688729

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Using papyri and other sources documenting the Mendesian Nome, a district of the North-Eastern Nile Delta, this volume investigates the complex networks of relationships between Mendesian environments, socio-economic dynamics, and agro-fiscal policies in the Roman period.